Amazing Facts about Continents

amazing facts about continents

Continents Map

Continuous big land masses are called Continents. There are 7 continents in the world. The identification for a continent is done not by any strict criteria rather it is assumed by a convention. These continents in descending order of their area are – Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe and Australia. Europe and Asia continent are some times jointly called as Eurasia. Although Europe and Asia are joined together and are not distinct still they are considered separate continents because of historical and culture differences. Some times Asia and Australia are jointly called as 1 continent and named Oceania or Australasia.

Amazing Facts about Continents : Asia and Australia

  • Asia and Africa continents are joined by Isthmus of Suez while North and South America are joined by Isthmus of Panama.
  • Australian continent is owned by only one country – Australia
  • Asia and Europe continents are separated by Ural mountains.
  • Asia is not only the biggest in terms of Area but also by population. The percentage of total world’s area occupied by Asia is about 30 %. Population percentage is 60 %.
  • The most populous city of Asia is Shanghai, for Africa it is Laos (Nigeria), for North America it is Mexico city, for South America it is Sao Paulo (Brazil). The most populous city of Europe is Moscow while for Australia it is Sydney.
  • Australia’s Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest coral reef, it is made up of coral deposits & is about 2000 kilo meters long.
  • Australia ‘s sheep population is more than its human population.This is why Australia stands first in the production & export of wool in the world.

Amazing Facts about Continents : Europe

  • There are no deserts in Europe.
  • Asia and Europe continents are separated by Ural mountains.
  • Russia lies both in Asia and Europe. The capital city of Moscow and other main city St Petersburg lies in Europe. Only 40 % of Russia lies in Europe and rest in Asia. Culturally people of Russia are closer to Europe than Asia.
  • Turkey lies in both Asian and European continent. The city Istanbul of Turkey comes under both Asian and European continents.

Amazing Facts Continents : Africa

  • Continent with biggest desert – Africa (Sahara Desert). Africa is also called Dark Continent because for long time not too much was known about it.
  • Continent with maximum number of countries is Africa.
  • Africa is the place where first primitive humans lived.
  • World’s hottest place Ethiopia is in Africa Continent.

Amazing Facts about Continents : Americas

  • North America was named after the explorer Americo Vespucci. North America has five time zones.
  • Andes in South America, form the Second Highest Mountain System in the World next to the Himalayas(in Asia). They are Young Fold Mountains. Mt. Aconcagua is the Highest Peak (6960 m) of The Andes.
  • Major languages spoken in South America are Spanish and Portuguese.
  • The world’s highest lake, Lake Titicaca is located in South America. It is at the height of 3800 meters. It is the largest lake in South America.
  • The Angel Falls of South America ,is the Highest Waterfall in the World.
  • Alaska was originally part of Russia but it comes in North American continent. It is separated from mainland Russia by Barring Strait. United States purchased Alaska from Russia on 30th March 1867 for 7.2 million U.S. dollars. Alaska is the largest state of US by area.

Amazing Facts about Continents : Antarctica

  • There is no any country on Antarctica. US and some other countries operate their science camps there. This continent is not owned by any nation.
  • Antarctica has nil percentage of population while Australia shares 0.4 % of total population.
  • The most windiest continent – Antarctica
  •  The only continent whose area keeps changing as per seasons is Antarctica. It is approximately 14.2 million square kilometers in summer, but during winter it almost doubles because of large amount of sea ice that forms along its periphery .

Highest Peaks and Lowest Points of Continents

Continent Highest Peak Country Lowest Point Country
Asia Mount Everest Nepal Dead Sea Israel, Jordan, Palestine
Africa Mount Kilimanjaro Tanzania Lake Assal Dijibouti
North America Mount McKinley United States Death Valley United States
South America Mount Aconcagua Argentina Laguna del Carbon Argentina
Antarctica Vinson Massif .. Deep Lake Vestfold Hills
Europe Mount Elbrus Russia Caspian Sea Russia
Australia Mount Kosciuszko Australia Lake Eyre Australia