Amazing Facts about Indian States

This article is all about amazing and interesting facts about Indian states, important facts about Indian states, all lesser known facts, rare, unknown and strange facts about Indian states –

Historical Facts about Indian States

  • The first formed Indian states (states which were created earliest) – Bihar and Odisha (Orissa at then), on 1 April 1936.
  • First Indian state which was created on linguistic basis before independence – Odisha
  • First Indian state which was created on linguistic basis after independence – Andhra Pradesh
  • Old name (during British period) of Uttar Pradesh – United Provinces of Agra and Oudh (later changed to United Provinces)
  • Old name of Arunachal Pradesh – NEFA (North East Frontier Agency)
  • Ancient name of Odisha – Utkal

Geographical Facts about Indian States

  • Indian state which shares maximum number of borders with other states – Uttar Pradesh. (For details read – Borders of Indian States)
  • Indian state which is largest in area – Rajasthan
  • Indian state which is smallest in area – Goa
  • Indian state with longest international land border – West Bengal. (For details read Indian state with maximum international borders)
  • State with longest coastline is Gujarat and the second state with longest coastline – Andhra Pradesh (For details read Coastal length of Indian States)
  • The highest peak of Eastern Ghats is Arma Konda Peak (1680 m) which comes in Andhra Pradesh
  • The highest peak of Western Ghats is Anamudi (2695 m) which comes in Kerala State.
  • Biggest fresh water lake of North-East India – Loktak Lake, Manipur
  • World’s only one floating National Park – Keibul Lamjao  which is in Loktak Lake, Manipur
  • Indian State which has highest percentage of area covered by forests – Mizoraminteresting facts about indian states
  • The Indian state which is called Land of one horn rhinos – Assam
  • The only Indian state which touches the border of Afghanistan (although only officially and not on as per actual grounds) – Jammu and Kashmir
  • Indian States which have imposed AFSPA (Armed Forces Special Powers Act) – presently there are 7 states which have imposed AFSPA, these are 6 out of 7 sister states and Jammu and Kashmir. These states are Jammu and Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland. This is to note that Tripura withdrawn AFSPA in May 2015.
  • Indian state whose name is coined on 5 rivers – Punjab
  • Highest water fall of India is in which state – Karnataka
  • Indian state which has maximum percentage of cultivated land – Punjab (84 % of land is under cultivation)

Economic Facts about Indian States

  • State which produces maximum cotton – Gujarat
  • State with highest production of Tobacco – Andhra Pradesh. India is the second largest Tobacco producer in world. China being at number one.
  • Indian state which is largest manufacturer of Cars, motorbikes, Tractors etc – Haryana
  • Indian state which has highest per capita income as per 2011 census – Himachal Pradesh
  •  Which state has monopoly in Production of Virginia Tobacco – Andhra Pradesh
  • The largest Tiger reserves of India –NagarjunaSrisailam Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh.

    amazing Facts about Indian States

    Silk worm

  • State which produces maximum silk – Karnataka
  • State which produces maximum milk – Uttar Pradesh
  • State which produces maximum Iron Ore – Odisha
  • State which produces maximum Bajra – Rajasthan
  • State which produces maximum coffee – Karnataka
  • State which is largest producer of food grains and oil seeds – Uttar Pradesh
  • Highest rubber production state – Kerala
  • State which is called Fruit Bowl of India – Himachal Pradesh
  • Indian state which produces highest amount of Tendu Leafs – Chhattisgarh
  • The only Indian State which produces largest golden muga silk in whole world – Assam
  • Indian State which produces maximum tea – Assam
  • Indian state which is called Falcon Capital of World – Nagaland
  • Indian State which faces the problem of Rat flood every 48 years – Mizoram

    Amazing Fats about Indian States

    Bamboo Tree

  • Indian State which is called Home of Bamboo – Tripura
  • State known for largest production of Mica, Zinc, copper and Marble stones – Rajasthan
  • Indian state which is largest manufacturer of Two Wheelers, Cars and Tractors – Haryana
  • Indian state which is known for production of Cricket Bats and Pashmina Shawls – Jammu and Kashmir
  • Indian State which is known for production of Saffron – Jammu and kashmir.

Administrative and Political Facts about Indian States

  • State which gave maximum number of Prime Ministers (maximum Prime Ministerial constituency seats) – Uttar Pradesh. With Narendra Modi winning Varanasi lok sabha seat, UP till now produced 8 Prime Ministers.
  • The only Indian state which has its own constitution and own National Flag – Jammu and Kashmir
  • State with maximum constituencies (Lok Sabha seats) – Uttar Pradesh (80 seats out of total 545)
  • State with least constituencies (Lok Sabha seats) – Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim (each with 1 seat only)
  • Indian state which has maximum number of Rajya Sabha seats – Uttar Pradesh (31 seats out of total 250)
  • Indian state which comes second in number of Rajya Sabha seats – Maharashtra (19 seats out of total 250)
  • Indian state which has least number of Rajya sabha seats (only one) – 8 states have only one Rajya sabha seats, these are all 6 out of 7 sister states (except Assam) and Goa.
  • State with maximum Assembly seats – Uttar Pradesh (404 seats)
  • State with least number of Assembly seats – Sikkim (only 32 seats)
  • Indian state which have bicameral legislature – 7 states -Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka.
  • Indian state which has maximum council seats – Uttar Pradesh (100 Council seats)
  • Indian state which has minimum number of council seats – Jammu and Kashmir (36 council seats)
  • Indian state which has maximum number of districts – Uttar Pradesh (75 districts)
  • Indian state which has least number of districts – Goa (only 2 districts)
  • State which was earlier the summer capital of British India – Shimla, Himachal Pradesh

Social and Cultural Facts about Indian States

  • The only three Indian states where Christians are in majority – Nagaland(90 % Christians), Mizoram(88 % Christians) and Meghalaya (70 % Christians).
  • Indian state which has maximum total tribal population – Madhya Pradesh
  • Indian state which has maximum percentage of tribal population – Mizoram (94.4 % as per 2011 census)
  • The only Indian state which has population drop between 2001 to 2011 census – Nagaland
  • The Indian state which is known for Chipko Andolan for conservation of forests and trees – Uttarakhand
  • Indian state which is known for its handicrafts all over the world – Rajasthan
  • The Indian state which is also called Dev Bhumi – Uttarakhand
  • Which Indian state hosts the first agricultural university of India – Uttarakhand (G B Pant Agricultural University of Pantnagar)
  • The famous musical instrument Santoor belongs to which Indian State – Jammu and Kashmir
  • Only state which has sanskrit as its official language – Uttarakhand
  • Indian state which is known for Kathak dance – Uttar  Pradesh
  • State which is known for Khayal, Kachhi Ghodi, Ghoomar folk dances – Rajasthan