Constituents of Indian Parliament
Indian Parliament is the face of Government of India. In other words Indian Parliament is the supreme legislative body of India. The details of Indian Parliament is explained as follows –
Quick Basic Facts about Indian Parliament
- The name of Indian Parliament is “Sansad” or “Bhartiya Sansad”
- Indian Parliament is Bicameral and consists of Two Houses Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha.
- President of India is also considered as a part of Indian Parliament along with Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
- Current President – Pranab Mukherjee
- Present Speaker of Lok Sabha – Sumitra Mahajan
- Present Chairman of Rajya Sabha – Hamid Ansari
- The total strength of Parliament members including Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha is 795 (250 + 545)
- The Parliament building was designed by Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker and was inaugurated by Lord Irvin, the then Governor General of India in 1927.
First Constituent of Indian Parliament : President
The President of India is the prime constituent of Indian Parliament. President of India is the “Head of State” as per constitution and is also the Supreme Commander of Indian Armed Forces. The constitution of India confers all executive powers of government in him. He exercises the powers directly or through officers subordinate to him.
Second Constituent of Indian Parliament : Rajya Sabha
- Rajya Sabha is called as Upper House or Council of States.
- Vice President of India is the De-facto Chair man of Rajya Sabha.
- The term of Rajya Sabha is Six Years and the members are elected indirectly by Members of State legislative.
- The minimum age criteria for Rajya Sabha member is 30 years.
- Rajya Sabha is Permanent body and it can not be dissolved like Lok Sabha.
- One third of the members of Rajya Sabha get retired every second year and new members are elected.
- Rajya Sabha has 250 seats out of which 238 belongs to Indian States and Union Territories.
- President of India has the power to nominate 12 members on his own discretion. These members should be eminent persons having vast experience in the fields of Literature, Arts, Science and Social Service.
Third Constituent of Indian Parliament : Lok Sabha
- Lok Sabha is called Lower House or House of People.
- Lok Sabha has a term of Five years
- Lok Sabha has 545 members out of which 543 are elected directly by citizens in General Elections. Remaining two are nominated by President of India on his own discretion.
- As per constitution the maximum strength of Lok Sabha should not increase 552.
- A maximum of 530 members belongs to Indian States while maximum of 20 members should come from Union Territories.
- A total of 131 seats are reserved for the persons belonging to SC/ST. Out of 131, 84 seats are reserved for SC and 47 seats are reserved for ST members.