List of First in India

First in India : Science & Technology

  • First Indian Cosmonaut to go in space – Sqn. Ldr. Rakesh Sharma
  • First Large scale Atomic Reactor of India – Apsara
  • First person to make Printing Press popular in India – James Hicky
  • India’s First Nuclear centre – Tarapur
  • First test tube baby of India – Indira (Baby Harsha)
  • First Indian Pilot – JRD Tata (in 1929)
  • First Indian space Tourist – Santosh George

First Cabinet Ministers

first in India woman cabinet minister - amrit kaur

Amrit Kaur

  • First Health Minister of free India – Rajkumari Amrit Kaur
  • First woman Cabinet minister of India – Rajkumari Amrit Kaur
  • First Defense Minister of free India – Baldev Singh
  • First Education minister of free India – Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
  • First Home minister of free India – Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
  • First Finance Minister of free India – R K Shanmukhan Chetty
  • First Law minister of free India – B R Ambedkar
  • First Commerce minister of free India – C H Bhabha

 First in India : Movies

  • First Indian movie – Raja Harischandra by Dadasaheb Falke in 1913 (This was silent movie)
  • First Indian movie with sound – Alam Ara by Ardshir Irani in year 1931
  • First color movie – Kisan Kanya by Ardshir Irani in year 1937

First In India : Administration & Govt. Service

First in India - President

Rajendra Prasad

  • First President of India – Dr Rajendra Prasad
  • First Prime Minister of India – Jawaharlal Nehru
  • First Governor of Bengal – Lord Clive
  • First Vice President of India – Dr S Radhakrishnan
  • First Muslim President of Indian Republic – Dr Zakir Hussain
  • Last Governor of Bengal – Warren Hastings
  • First Governor General of Bengal – Warren Hastings
  • First Governor General of India – Lord William Bentic
  • Last Governor General and First Viceroy of India – Lord Caning
  • First President of Indian National Congress – W C Banerjee
  • First Governor General of Independent India – C Rajgopalachari
  • First Indian to pass ICS – Surendra Nath Banerjee
  • First Indian ICS Officer – Satyendra Nath Tagore
  • First Governor General of India (after Independence) – Lord Louis Mountbatten
  • First temporary President of Constituent Assembly – Dr Sachchida Nand Sinha
  • First Indian Judge to International court of Justice – Dr Nagendra Singh
  • First Vice President of Free India – Dr S Radhakrishnan
  • First speaker of Lok Sabha – G V Mavlankar
  • India’s first Lok Sabha member to win from record no of votes – PV Narsimha Rao
  • India’s first minister to resign from Union Cabinet – Shyama Prasad Mukherjee
  • India’s first Election commissioner – Sukumar Sen
  • First Muslim president of Indian National Congress – Badruddin Tayab ji
  • First Chief Justice of India – Justice Hiralal J Kania
  • First Deputy Prime Minister of India – Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
  • First Indian Prime Minister to resign from office – Morarji Desai
  • First Indian Prime Minister to loose an election – Indira Gandhi
  • First President of India to die in office – Dr Zakir Hussain

First in India : Defense

First in India commander in chief

K M Cariappa

  • First Commander in Chief of Free India – General K M Cariappa
  • First Chief of Air Staff – Sir Thomas Almhirst
  • First Indian Chief of Air Staff – Air Marshal Subroto Mukherjee
  • First Chief of Army Staff- Gen M Rajendra Singh
  • First Chief of Naval Staff – Vice Admiral R D Katari
  • First Field Marshal – Gen S F J Manekshaw
  • First female jawan in the Army: Sapper Shanti Tigga
  • First Atomic Submarine – I N S Chakra
  • First Indian Submarine – INS Cauveri
  • First Aircraft carrier Indian Warship – INS Vikrant
  • First Indian missile – Prithvi
  • First medium range missile – Agni
  • First Army Institute of Information technology founded at – Hyderabad

First in India : Prestigious Awards

  • First in India to get Bharat Ratna – Dr S RadhaKrishnan, C Rajgopalachari, C V Raman
  • First in India to nominate himself for Bharat Ratna Award – Jawaharlal Nehru
  • First in India to win Stalin award – Saifffudin Kichlu
  • First in India to win Magsaysay award – Acharya Vinoba Bhave
  •  First foreigner recipient of Bharat Ratna – Khan Abdul Gaffer Khan
  • First in India to get Jnanpeeth Award – G Shankar Kurup
  • First in India to get Paramvir Chakra – Major Somnath Sharma
  • First Indian author to get Anderson Award – Ruskin Bond
  • First Recipient of Dadasaheb Phalke Award – Devika Rani in 1969
  • First and only Indian to win Nishan-e-Pakistan (highest civilian award of Pakistan) – Morarji Desai in 1990

Noble Awards

  • First in India(was first Asian also) to get Nobel Prize – Rabindra Nath Tagore in year 1913 for literature.
  • First Indian Scientist to get Noble Prize- C V Raman
  • First scientist of Indian origin to win Noble prize in Physics – S. Chandrashekhar
  • First Scientist of Indian origin to get Noble prize in field of Medical Science – Dr Hargovind Khurana
  • First Indian to win Noble Peace Prize – Mother Teresa in 1979 (Indian citizen but of Albanian origin)
  • First Indian born to win Noble Peace Prize – Kailash Satyarthi in 2014
  • First and only Indian to win Noble in Economics – Amartya Sen

Oscar Awards

  • First in India ever to be nominated at Oscars – Mehboob Khan for film Mother India in 1958.
  • First Indian recipient of Oscar Awards – Bhanu Athaiya (Best Costume design for Film Gandhi in 1983) 
  • First Indian to win Oscar for lifetime achievement – Satyajit Ray
  • First in India to win Oscar for Sound Mixing – Resul Pookutty for film Slumdog Millionaire in year 2009
  • First in India to win Oscar for Best original music score – A R Rahman for Slumdog Millionaire
  • First in India to win Oscar for Best original Song – A R Rahman and Gulzar shared for Slumdog Millionaire

First in India : Beauty Contests (Male)

  • First Mr. Universe of India – Manohar Aich in year 1952
  • First Mr. International – Aryan Vaid in year 2000


First in India : Sports 

India at Olympics

  • First in India to win individual Olympic medal – K D Jadhav (won bronze medal in 1952 at Helsinki Olympics)
  • First India athlete (British Origin) to participate and win Olympic medal – Norman Pritchard (represented India and Asia for first time in 1900  Paris Olympics and won 2 silver medals)
  • First in India to win Gold in team event – Field Hockey Team in 1928 won gold for first time. Hockey team won gold for total 8 times
  • First in India to win medal in shooting at Olympics – Rajyawardhan Singh Rathod, at 2004 Athens Olympic
  • First in India to win individual Gold medal at Olympics – Abhinav Bindra, in shooting in 2008 Beijing Olympics
  • First in India to win medal in Tennis at Olympics – Leander Paes, Bronze in 1996 at Atlanta Olympics
  • First Indian woman to win Olympic medal – Karnam Malleswari, Bronze in Weightlifting in 2000 Sydney Olympic
  • First Indian to win medal in Boxing – Vijender Singh, Bronze in 2008 Beijing Olympic
  • First Indian to win medal in wrestling at Olympics – Sushil Kumar, in 2008 Beijing Olympics

India at Chess

  • First Grandmaster of India and also the winner of FIDE world Chess championship – Vishwanathan Anand
  • Youngest Indian to become Grandmaster – Parimarjan Negi
  • India’s first woman to become Grandmaster – Koneru Humpy
  • India’s youngest woman to become Grandmaster – Koenru Humpy (at age 15 years of Age)

India at Tennis

  • First Indian to win Grand Slam Title – Mahesh Bhupati (in mixed doubles partnering with Rika Hiraki) in 1997 French Open
  • First Indian woman to win Grand Slam – Sania Mirza (in Mixed Doubles partnering Mahesh Bhupati) in 2009 Australian Open
  • First Indian to win Junior Grand Slam Title – Ramanathan Krishnan, won Wimbledon in year 1954
  • First Indian to win Junior French Open – Ramesh Krishnan, won both French and Wimbledon in 1979
  • First Indian to win Junior Australian Open – Yuki Bhambri in year 2009
  • First Indian woman to win Junior Grand Slam Title – Sania Mirza (in doubles partnering Alisa Kleybanova) in 2003 Wimbledon
  • First Indian to win Palk Strait Ocean swimming contest – Baidyanath Nath
  • First Indian to swim across English Channel – Mihir Sen
  • First Indian to climb Mount Everest without oxygen cylinder – Sherpa Phu Dorji
  • First Asian games organised at – Delhi (in 1951)
  • First Indian to reach Antarctica – Lt Ram Charan (in 1960)
  • First man to climb Mount Everest twice – Nawang Gombu
  • First in India to reach North Pole – Sq Ldr Sanjay Thapar
  • First Indian to reach South Pole – Col. J K Bajaj
  • First Indian to win World Billiards Trophy – Wilson Jones


First in India : Visitors & Travelers

  • First foreign visitor to India – Megasthenses (Greek who visited Chandragupta Maurya Court in 305 BC)
  • First Chinese pilgrim to visit India – Fa-hein in year 399 AD
  • First Muslim visitor/traveler to India – Al Beruni in year 1000 AD
  • First European to visit India – Morcopolo (Italian) in 1288 AD
  • First Italian to visit India – Morcopolo in 1288 AD
  • First Moroccan to visit India – Ibn Batuta in 1333 AD
  • First Russian to visit India – Afanasy Nikitin in 1469 AD
  • First Portuguese to visit India – Domingo Paes in 1520 AD
  • First British to visit India – William Hawkins in 1609 AD
  • First American President to visit India – Dwight David Eisenhower
  • First British Prime Minister to visit India – Harold McMillan

First in India : Places

  • First district with 100 % literacy – Ernakulam district in Kerala, in 1990
  • First city with 100 % literacy – Kottayam, Kerala in 1989
  • First district to be Polio free – Pathanamthitta, Kerala
  • First district to become “total electrified” – Palakkad, Kerala in 2011

First in India : Others

  • First e-business newspaper of India – Financial Express
  • India’s first open University Andhra Pradesh Open University
  • India’s first University – Nalanda University
  • First post office in India – Kolkata (in 1727)
  • First central PSU to be privatized – Modern Food Industries in year 2000


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