Interesting Facts about Kerala
This article is all about rare, unknown, religious, historical, amazing and interesting facts about Kerala.
Quick Basic Facts about Kerala
- Capital – Trivendrum (Thiruvananthapuram)
- Official Language – Malyalam
- Area – 38,863 Sq Km
- Area Rank – 22nd
- Population – 3,33,87,667
- Population Rank – 13th
- Population Density – 860 /Sq Km
- Sex Ratio – 1084 females per 1000 male
- Literacy Rate – 94 %
- No. of Districts – 14
- Assembly Seats – 140 (Unicameral)
- Lok Sabha seats – 20
- Rajya Sabha seats – 9
- Date of Creation – 1 Nov 1956
- First Chief Minister – E M S Namboodiripad
- First Governor – Burgula Ramkrishna Rao
- Highest peak – Anamudi or Anai Mudi
State Symbols of Kerala
- State Tree – Coconut
- Sate Fruit – Jackfruit
- State Flower – Golden shower tree
- State Animal – Indian Elephant
- State Bird – Great hornbill
- State Fish – Pearl Spot
Historical Facts about Kerala
- It is the home to Mysore dynasty ruled by Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan who fought four decisive battles (Anglo – British Wars) with British
- Travancore State ( Old name of Kerala) was formed on 1 July 1949 which was later renamed as Kerala.
- Under the States Reorganization Act of 1956, Travancore, Cochin and Malabar states were united to form the state of Kerala on 1 Nov 1956.
- The Laccadive Minicoy and Amindivi islands off the coast of Malabar were removed from kerala and declared Union Terrotory with new name Lakshdweep Islands.
- In 1991, this state became the first fully literate state of India.
Geographical Facts about Kerala
- Kerala borders with only 2 states – Karnataka in north and Tamil Nadu in east.
- Anamudi or Anai Mudi is the highest peak of Kerala with an altitude of 2,695 m. It is also the highest peak of Western Ghats.
- Kerala has 44 rivers out of which 41 flows westwards while remaining 3 flows to east. Periyar, Pamba, Pamba, Chaliyar, Kalada, Muvatupuzha etc flows westwards while Pambar, Bhawani and Kabani flow to east.
- The first two literate Municipal Town Kottayam, and district Ernakulam in India are in Kerala.
- Palakkad is the largest district of Kerala by area. Malappuram is the largest district by population.
- Alappuzha is the smallest district by area and Wayanad is smallest district by population.
- Ernakulam also became India’s first Bachat (Savings) district.
- Periyar Wild life sanctuary at Thekkady in Idukki district is a popular tourist attraction.
Social and Cultural Facts about Kerala
- Kerala is the only state which has highest Human Development Index (HDI of 0.79). It has highest literacy rate of 94 %, highest sex ratio of 1024 and highest life expectancy of 77 years. It is also the least corrupt Indian state as per Transparency International survey.
- Sabrimala (abode of lord Ayyappan) is famous pilgrimage.
- Kalady in Ernakulam District is the birthplace of Sri Sankaracharya.
- E M S Namboodiripad headed (as Chief Minister) the World’s first democratically elected communist government.
- Kathkali, Mohiniattam, Theyyam, Thullal are main classical dances of the state.
- Onam, Vishu, Christmas and Aluva Shivratri are the main festivals.
Economic Facts about Kerala
- Kochi (Cochin) the major port is also known as “Queen of Arabian Sea”.
- Kerala was promoted and called by tourism department as “God’s own Country“
- Mineral Resources of Kerala – Limonite, Rutile, Kaolin, Limestone
- Main Industries – Koir and Cashew based. Other industries include handloom and bamboo based industries.
- Agriculture Products – It accounts for 91 % of India’s rubber, 35 % of coconut, 60 % of tapioca, 32 % of paddy, tea, coffee, plantain, arecanut and almost 100 % of lemon grass oil.
- Kerala is the largest producer of other crops like banana, ginger, tea and coffee.
Tourist Spots of Kerala
- Beaches – Kovalam, Varkala, Vizhinjam, Shankumukham-Trivandrum and Payyambalam – Kannur
- Hill Stations – Munnar, Nelliyampathy
- Backwaters – Alapuzha, Kollam, Veli, Kochi, Kumarakom
- Wildlife – Eravikulam national park, Parambikulam national park, Silent valley, Peppara national park
- Waterfalls – Athirapally, Vazhachal and Palaruvi
- Lakes – Vembanad, Kayamakulam, Ashtamudi