Interesting Facts about Manipur
This article is all about historical, geographical, social, religious, cultural, amazing, rare, unknown interesting facts about Manipur.
Quick Basic Facts about Manipur
- Capital – Imphal
- Official Language – Meithei (Manipuri) and English
- Other Spoken Languages – Sino Tibetan languages
- Area – 22, 237 Sq Km
- Area Rank – 23rd
- Population – 25,70,390
- Population Rank – 22nd
- Population Density – 122/Sq Km
- Sex Ratio – 987 females per 1000 male
- Sex Ratio Rank – 5th
- Literacy Rate – 79.85 %
- Literacy Rank – 9th
- No of Districts – 9
- Assembly seats – 60 (Unicameral)
- Lok sabha seta – 2
- Rajya sabha seats – 1
- Created on – 21 Jan 1972
- First Chief Minister – Mairembam Koireng Singh
- First Governor – B K Nehru
- Highest peak – Mount Iso (Tenipu)
State Symbols of Manipur
- State Tree – Uningthou
- State Flower – Siroi Lily
- State Animal – Sangai
- State Bird – Nongyeen
Historical Facts about Manipur
- It was a Union territory from 1956 and became full fledged state from 1972.
- The earlier name of Manipur was Kangleipak or Meeteileipak.
- The origin of European Polo game lies in Manipur. Locals used to play a game riding on horseback which they called Pulu. The British spread this game as modern Polo to England during colonial period.
- The advent of Japanese forces to India was checked after they were defeated by British near the border of Imphal during World War II.
- The King of Manipur Princely state Bodchandra Singh signed the instrument of accession in 1949 and merged the princely state to union of India.
- Manipur was called as Jewel of India by Jawaharlal Nehru.
Geographical Facts about Manipur
- Manipur borders with 3 states – Nagaland in north, Mizoram in southwest, Assam in northwest. It also shares international boundary with Myanmar in east. Length of international border along with Myanmar is 398 Km.
- Mount Iso of Senapati district is the highest peak of state with an altitude of 2,994 m.
- River Barak is the largest river of Manipur.
- Loktak lake which is the biggest fresh water lake of northeast India is quite popular. It is famous for its unique Phumdis – the floating islands
- Keibul Lamjao is the only one floating national park of the world floats over the Loktak lake.
- As per 2011 census, Manipur has the highest sex ratio (987 females per 1000 male) among all seven sister states of north-east.
Economic Facts about Manipur
- Economy of the state is poor and as per year 2014 data, Manipur stands at third last place in terms of GDP per capita.
- Handloom weaving is the biggest industry of the state and accounts for one third of household workers
- This state is the first to introduce Oak Tussar Industry (Sericulture – Silk farming).
- Other industries include bamboo and cane articles, rice mills, edible oil crushing and leather goods.
- Main Agriculture products of Manipur – Paddy, wheat, maize
- Mineral resources – limestone
Social and Cultural Facts about Manipur
- Manipur has literacy rate of 79.85 % which is well above of India’s average literacy rate of 74.04 %. Manipur stands at 9th rank among Indian states in terms of literacy.
- Mukna (Wrestling) is a popular sport of the state.
- The main tribal group of Manipur is Meetei which constitutes of 27 % population.
- About 46 % of people are Hindus and 34 % are Christians while remaining 10 % are from different folk religious groups.
- Manipuri is the well known and popular classical dance form which is based on the instances of Lord Krishna and Radha.
- Festivals include Dol jatra, Lai Haraoba, Rasa leela, Cheiraoba, Gaan-Nagai, Yaoshang(Holi) and christmas.
Famous Persons related to Manipur
- M C Mary Kom – the famous five time World Boxing champion who also won medal in Olympics.
- Irom C Sharmila – she is famous socialist and political activist. She started Hunger Strike in year 2000 which is still going on. She is also called as Iron Lady of Manipur.