Interesting Facts about Nagaland
This article is all about historical, geographical, social, religious, cultural, amazing, rare, unknown interesting facts about Nagaland.
Quick Basic Facts about Nagaland
- Capital – Kohima
- Official Language – English
- Main spoken languages – Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema, Lotha
- Area – 16, 579 Sq Km
- Area Rank – 25th
- Population – 19, 80,602
- Population Rank – 24th
- Population Density – 119/sq km
- Literacy – 80.11 %
- Literacy Rank – 9th
- Sex Ratio – 931 females per 1000 male
- Sex Ratio Rank – 17th
- No of Districts – 11
- Assembly seats – 60
- Lok Sabha seats – 1
- Rajya sabha seat – 1
- Created on – 1 Dec 1963
- First Chief Minister – P Shilu Ao
- First Governor – Vishnu Sahay
- Highest peak – Mount Saramati
State Symbols of Nagaland
- State Tree – Alder
- State Flower – Rhododendron
- State Animal – Methun
- State Bird – Blyth’s Tragopan
Historical Facts about Nagaland
- Nagaland became full fledged 16th state of India on 1 Dec 1963.
- During the World War II, the Kohima city along with regions of Manipur witnessed the advent of Japanese forces invading through Burma(present Myanmar) . The Japanese attack was neutralized and Japanese forces half perished returned back through Myanmar.
Geographical Facts about Nagaland
- This state borders with Assam in northwest, Arunachal Pradesh in north and Manipur in south. It also shares international boundary with Myanmar.
- The capital of the state is Kohima and the largest city is Dimapur.
- The state is mostly hilly with “Mount Saramati” as the highest peak of Naga hills with a height of 3840 m. This mountain peak is shared with Myanmar and the mountain range forms a natural barrier to Myanmar.
- Nagaland is also referred as “Falcon capital of the world”.
- Mithun (a semi domisticated bull) found only in north eastern states is the state animal.
Economic Facts about Nagaland
- Economy of the state is driven by Agriculture mainly.
- Dimapur is the largest city and is also called as commercial capital of Nagaland.
- Main agricultural products of Nagaland include rice, millet, maize, Pulses, sugarcane, potato, cardamom, coffee and tea. Rice is the staple food crop of state.
- Jhume(Shifting) cultivation is generally practiced in the state.
- Mineral Resources of Nagaland – Coal, limestone, iron, nickel, cobalt, chromium and marble.
- The Nagaland Sugar Mill at Dimapur has installed capacity of 1000 tonnes per day.
Social and Cultural Facts about Nagaland
- Literacy rate of Nagaland is 80.11 % which is well above India’s average literacy rate of 74.04 %. Meghalaya stands at 9th rank among Indian states in terms of literacy.
- The population is entirely tribal and each tribe is unique in costumes, language and dress.
- Nagaland is one of the three states which has christian majority (Other two being Manipur and Meghalaya).
- Nagas are quite literate and most of the population speak English which is also the Official language.
- Tetseo sisters is a musical group of four sisters Mercy, Azi, Kuku and Lulu from Kohima, Nagaland. These sisters belong to Chakhesang Naga tribe. Tetseo sisters sing in chokri dialect. They are quite popular and have become a household name for their appearances in Hornbill festivals, cultural events of north east and numerous national and international events. In 2012 they received Trail Blazer award and in 2014 they won MTS discover title at NH7 music festival.
- The major tribes of Nagaland include Ao, Sangtam, Chakhesangs, Kukis, Kacharis, Angamis, Konyaks, Aos, Sumis, Changs, Lothas etc.
- Nagaland is called as Land of Festivals. Each tribe have their own specific festivals and they celebrate it with full zest and zeal.
- Hornbill festival is quite popular annual event of Nagaland. Hornbill festivals is called as festivals of festivals. This festivals was started in year 2000 by state government to promote the tourism and to promulgate the tribes culture of state. This is a sort of parent festival which portrays the glimpses of festivals of all different tribes.
- The state has witnessed long episodes of insurgency and inter ethnic conflict.
- Nagaland is the only Indian state which showed population drop between 2001 to 2011 census.
Famous persons of Nagaland
- Neiphiu Rio – he is the present member of parliament from Nagaland. He served thrice as Chief Minister of Nagaland. He is also the recipient of Mother Teresa Millenium Award (year 2007) for his remarkable contribution to politics.
- Chekrovolu Swuro – is a famous archer who belongs to Dimapur, Nagaland. She has participated in many international level games and represented India in Olympics 2012, Asian Games 2002 and 2006. She was in team that won silver medal in 2011 World Archery.