Interesting Facts about Telangana
This article is all about historical, geographical, social, religious, cultural, amazing, rare, unknown interesting facts about Telangana.
Quick Basic Facts about Telangana
- Capital – Hyderabad
- Official Language – Telugu
- Main Languages – Telugu, Urdu
- Area – 1,14,840 Sq Km
- Area Rank – 12th
- Population – 3,51,93,978
- Population Rank – 12th
- Population Density – 310 / Sq Km
- Literacy rate – 66.5 %
- Sex Ratio – 993 females per 1000 maleLiteracy Rate – 66.5 %
- No of Districts – 10Assembly and council seats – 119 + 40 (Bicameral)
- Lok sabha seats – 17
- Rajya sabha seats – 7
- Created On – 2 June 2014
- First Chief Minister – K Chandrashekar Rao (incumbent)
- First Governor – E S L Narsimhan (incumbent)
- Highest peak – Doli (in Deccan Plateau)
State Symbols of Telangana
- State Tree – Jammi Chettu
- State Flower – Tangedu Puvvu
- State Fruit – Mango
- State Animal – Spotted dear
- State Bird – Pala pitta
Historical Facts about Telangana
- After India’s independence, Nizam of Hyderabad state was not interested to accede to India. The state of Hyderabad was annexed on 17 Sept 1948 by military operation called “Operation Polo“.
- The Telangana rebellion was a originally a peasant revolt which was supported by the communists between 1946 and 1951 in Hyderabad. Since December 2009, the Telangana movement intensified.
- Telangana was separated from Andhra Pradesh on 2 June 2014 to become the 29th state of India. Hyderabad will jointly serve both the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for not more than 10 years.
- Hussain Sagar Lake which is in the city centre of Hyderbad was built by Hussain Shah Wali in 1562. A large statue of Buddha was installed in center of lake in year 1992.
Geographical Facts about Telangana
- Telangana borders with 5 states – Chhattisgarh and Odisha in northeast, Andhra Pradesh in south, Karnataka in southwest and Maharashtra in north.
- Telangana is situated on Deccan plateau in the peninsular part of India.
- This region is drained by two main rivers Godavari and Krishna. 69 % of Krishna river and 79 % of Godavari’s cachment area is in Telangana region.
- Godavari is considered as sacred river in South India and is also called as Dakshin Ganga (Ganga of South).
- It is semi arid area and climate is mainly hot and dry.
- Mahboobnagar is largest district of Telangana by area. Ranga Reddy is the largest district by population.
Economic Facts about Telangana
- It is one of the least developed regions of the India aggravated with the problems of illiteracy , unemployment, poverty, malnutrition, child labour, water and electricity shortage and farmer suicides.
- Economy is mainly driven by agriculture. Rice is the major and staple food crop of the state.
- Ramagundam Power plant is the major Power station of the state operated by NTPC having installed capacity of 2600 MW.
- Warangal has a domestic airport which was established in year 1930 during Nizam period.
- Kuntala waterfall which is in Adilabad district is the biggest waterfall of the state.
Tourist spots of Telangana
- Monuments – Char Minar, Golcunda Fort, Qutub shahi Tombs, Falaknuma Palace, Warangal Fort
- Temples – Thousand Pillar temple of Warangal, Birla Mandir, Ganga Saraswati Temple of Adilabad, Bhadrachalam Temple of Khammam
- Kuntala waterfall of Adilabad is the famous tourist spot.
Social and Cultural Facts about Telangana
- Culture of Telangana is blend of traditions of Mughals and Nizams of Hyderabad.
- Char Minar which is the iconic face of Telangana was built by Quli Qutub Shah in year 1591. It is believed that it was built as a memoir after eradication of plague from the city.
- 1000 (Thousand) Pillar temple which is located in Hanamkonda of Warangal district is famous religious tourist place. This temple was built by King Rudra Deva of Kakatiya dynasty in 11th century.
- Literacy rate of Telangana is 66.5 % which is much below the national average of 74.04 %. Telangana is second most illeterate state of India.
Famous Persons Related to Telangana
- Zakir Husain – India’s first Muslim President and famous politician was born in Hyderabad (now in Telangana)
- P V Narsimha Rao – The great politician and 9th Prime Minister of India was borm in Karimnagar district of the then Hyderabad state.
- Ali Yavar Jung – Famous Indian diplomat to many European and Arabian countries. He also served as Governor of Maharashtra. He was born in Hyderabad.
- Dia Mirza – Popular actress and winner of Miss Asia Pacific (year 2000) was born in Hyderabad on 9 Dec 1981.
- Shabana Azmi – Popular actress, theatre and TV artist was born in Hyderabad city of the then Hyderabad state on 18 Sept 1950.
- Mohammad Azharuddin – Famous cricketer and captain of Indian Cricket team was born in Hyderabad on 8 Feb 1963.
- V V S Laxman – Famous test cricketer of Indian team was born in Hyderabad on 1 Nov 1974.
- Sania Mirza – Popular Tennis player although born in Mumbai on 15 Nov 1986, resides in Hyderabad. She was the first Indian woman to win WTA title.
- P V Sindhu – Famous badminton player who won silver medal in Rio Olympics 2016 was born in Hyderabad.
- Saina Nehwal – Famous Badminton player who won bronze medal in badminton in London Olympics 2012 was born in Hisar of Haryana but resides in Hyderabad. She was also the first Indian to win Olympic medal in Badminton.
- Film Producer Ram Gopal Verma and actresses Sushmita Sen, Tabu and Farah were born in Hyderabad.