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List of Musical Instruments and their Players, types & Pictures

This article is all about various different types of Musical Instruments and players, with names and pictures, musical instruments and their sounds, musical instruments and their players, musical instruments and their exponents.

Music and musical instruments have a great relationship and deep impact on India and  Indian culture. Their are a number of classical musical instruments being played from ancient times either for recreation or in the courts of kings, or for devotional purpose. Following is the list of famous and important Indian musical instruments and their exponents with picture.

Types and Classification of Musical Instruments

There are basically 5 types of musical instruments. These are – Membranophone type, plucked String type, Aerophone type, Pipe or Pump Organ type, Percussion type

Membranophone type Musical Instruments

In these type of instruments the sound wave is produced by vibrating membranes. Common examples are Drum, Dhol, Tabla, Mridand, Pakhawaj, Congo Bongo etc.

Plucked String type Musical Instruments

In this type of musical instruments the sound wave is created by vibrating strings. The common examples are Violin, Sitar, Guitar, Mandolin, Banjo, Veena etc.

Aerophone type Musical Instruments

In aerophone type instruments air is passed from tubular structures and various sound notes are created by opening or closing various holes on the the tubular structure. Flutes, Saxophones, Oboe, Shehnai, clarinet, duduk, bassoon etc are common examples of this type.

Pipe Organ or Pump Organ type Musical Instruments

Pumping action of air results due to moving the bellows and various notes are created by pressing the keys which opens or restricts the air passage. Harmonium, Reed organ, Melodeon, Pedal organ, Harmoniflute  are the best examples of Pump organ type instruments.

Percussion type Musical Instruments

In these type of instruments various sound notes are created as a effect of striking motion of some mallet type structure on different sources. The common examples are Jal Tarang, Xylophones, Vibraphone, handbells etc.

Famous Musical Instruments and their Players

Musical Instruments and their players :Dhol

Rani Taj, Garib Das, Lal Singh Bhatti, Johny Kalsi

Musical Instruments and their players : Flute (Bansuri)

Famous Indian Flute Players

K. Bhaskaran, Pannalal Ghosh, Hariprasad Chaurasia, Rakesh Chaurasia, Chetan Joshi, G. S. Sachdev, Dobopriya Chatterjee, Nityanand Haldipur, T.S. Sankaran, Raghunath Seth, Thiagarajan Ramani


Chetan Joshi

H. Chaurasia

K. Bhaskaran

P. Ghosh

R. Chaurasia

Famous western Flute Players

Samuel Baron, Adrian Brett, Gerald Jackson, Timothy Hutchins, Karl Doppler, Julius Baker, Marina Piccinni, James Poke, Ardal Powell, Adam Walker, Jim Walker, Ransom Wilson, James Stra

Musical Instruments and their Players : Harmonium

Famous Players (exponents) of Harmonium – Aditya Oke, Farrukh Fateh Ali Khan, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Govindrao Tembe, Adil Hussaini, Krishna Das, Sudhir Nayak, Vidydhar Oke, Sabri brothers, Shankar Jaikishan, Arvind Thatte, Jai Uttal

Musical Instruments and their Players
Aditya Oke
Musical Instruments and their Players
Farukh F. A. Khan
Musical Instruments and their Players
Govindrao Tembe
Musical Instruments and their Players
Krishna Das

Sudhir Nayak

Famous Players of Jal Tarang

Milind Tulankar, Seetha Doraiswamy, Manish Sharma, Jagdish Mohan, Jayantibhai Sharma, Ghasiram Nirmal

Musical Instruments and their Players
Milind Tulankar

Seetha D.

Manish Sharma

Jagdish Mohan

Jayantibhai S.

Famous Mandolin Players

Uppalapu Srinivas, Snehasish Mozumdar, Mandolin Prasad (N.S Prasad), Amarnath Patasar, U.P Raju, P Nagamani 

Musical Instruments and their Players
U Srinivas
Musical Instruments and their Players
Snehasish M.

Mandolin Prasad

Amarnath P.

P Nagamani

Musical Instruments and their Players : Mridang 

A.V. Anand, Ramnad Raghvan, Erode Nagraj, Trichy Sankaran, Ghatam Udupa, Guruvayur Dorai, Robert E Brown, Mannargudi Easwaran, K.P. Parmeswaran, Karaikudi Mani, M. Velukkutti Nair, T.K. Murthy

List of Famous Pakhawaj Players

Pt. Ravishankar Upadhyay, Pt. Bhawani Shankar, Pratap Patil, Ustad Talib Hussain, Mohan Shyam Sharma, Ayodhya Prasad, Taranath Rao, Manik Munde, Gopal Das, Chatrpati Singh, Arun Shejwal, Phalguni Acharya

Famous Piano Players

Gurbani Bhatia, Santosh Mulekar, Brian Silas, Stephan Devassy (from Kerala), Ashley William Joseph (from Bangalore), Neecia Majolly, Abraham Mazumdar, V Balsara, Adnan Sami

Famous Santoor Player

Pt. Shivkumar Sharma, Rahul Sharma, Shruti Adhikari, Sandip chatterjee, Habib Samai, Tarun Bhattacharya, Bhajan Sopori, Abhay Sapori, Satish Vyas, R Visweswaran

Musical Instruments and their Players
Shivkumar Sharma
Musical Instruments and their Players
Shruti Adhikari

Sandeep Chatterje

Bhajan Sopori

Satish Vyas

Famous Sarod Players

Allauddin Khan, Ali Akbar Khan,  Amjad Ali khan, Ayaan Ali Khan, Amman Ali Khan,  Arnab Chakrabarty, Buddhadev Das Gupta, Vikash Maharaj, Brij Narayan, Hafiz Ali Khan, Bahadur Khan, Vasant Rai, Rajeev Taranath, Satyaki Banerjee, Pradeep Barot, Anupam Shobhakar

Famous Musical Instruments and their Players
Allauddin Khan
Famous musical instruments and their players
Ali Akbar Khan
Famous Musical Instruments and their Players
Amjad Ali Khan

Buddhadev D.
Famous musical instruments and their players
Vikash Maharaj
Famous musical instruments and their players
Brij Narayan

Hafiz Ali Khan

Bahadur Khan

Vasant Rai

Rajeev Taranath

Famous Sarangi Players

Ustad Sultan Khan, Hafizullah Khan, Sabir Khan, Ram Narayan, Rekha Sharma, Abdul Latif Khan, Alla Rakha Khan, Bade Gulam Ali Khan, Surinder Sandhu, Bundu Khan, Moinuddin Khan, Suhail Yusuf Khan, Sultan Khan.

Famous Shehnai (Oboe) Players

Bismillah Khan, S Ballesh, Anant Lal, Raghunath Prasanna, Rajendra Prasanna, Bhaskar Nath, Ali Ahmad Hussain Khan 

Famous Musical Instruments and their Players
Bismillah Khan
Famous Musical Instruments and their Players
S Ballesh
Famous Musical Instruments and their Players
Raghunath Prasanna

Rajendra Prasanna

Ali A. H. Khan

Famous Sitar Players

Indian Sitar Players – Allauddin Khan, Pt. Ravi Shankar, Pt. Nikhil Banerjee, Annapurna Devi, Anoushka Shankar, Reenat Fauzia, Kushal Das, Rajeev Janardan, Krishna Bhatt, Bimalendu Mukherjee, Budhaditya Mukherjee, Kashinath Mukherjee, Bhaskar Chandavarkar, Debu Chaudhary, Ragini Trivedi, Jyoti Hegde

Famous Khans (Family) Sitar Players :- Imdad Khan (1848-1920), Enayat Khan (1882-1927), Vilayat Khan (1928-2004), Imrat Khan (born 1935), Kirit Khan (1955-2006), Chhote Rahimat Khan (born 1959), Shujjat Khan (born 1960), Hidayat Khan, Nishat Khan etc.

Western Sitar Players – George Harrison (Beatle group), Justin Hayword, Brian Jones and Ronnie Wood (Rolling Stones band), Prem Joshua, Emily Robinson, Shama Rahman, Sheema Mukherjee 

Famous Musical instruments and their Players
Allauddin Khan
(Father of Annapurna Devi)
Famous Musical instruments and their Players
Pt. Ravi Shankar
(Disciple of Allauddin Khan)
Famous Musical instruments and their Players
Pt. Nikhil Banerjee
Famous Musical instruments and their Players
Annapurna Devi (W/o Pt. Ravi Shankar, D/o of Allauddin Khan)
Famous Musical instruments and their Players
Anoushka Shankar (D/o of Pt. Ravi Shankar)

Reenat Fauzia

Rajeev Janardan

Krishna Bhatt

Bimalendu M.

B. Mukherjee

Kashinath M.

Enayat Khan

Vilayat Khan

Chhote Rahimat K.

George Harrison

Famous Tabla Players

Alla Rakha Khan, Zakir Hussain, Pt. Kishan Maharaj, Anindo Chatterjee, Shrikant Shukla, Shafaat Ahmad Khan, Kuldeep Joshi, Balraj Shukla, Sukhwinder Singh Namdhari (Pinky), Kuldeep Joshi, Suvir Misra, Chandrakant Kamat, Shafaaullah Khan, Ritesh Das, Tanmoy Bose, Rajat Kumar Mishra 

Famous Musical Instruments and their Players
Alla Rakha Khan
Famous Musical Instruments and their Players
Zakir Hussain
Famous Musical Instruments and their Players
Pt. Kishan Maharaj
Famous Musical Instruments and their Players
Annindo Chatterjee

Shafaat A. Khan

Famous Veena PlayersMusical Instruments and their Players

Wazir Khan, Dabir Khan, Raja Kazim, Allauddin Khan, Gita Swaminathan, Kannan Balkrishnan, Kalpakam Swaminathan

Mohan VeenaMusical Instruments and their Players

Pandit Viswva Mohan Bhatt, Ajay Pandit Jha,

Rudra VeenaMusical Instruments and their Players

Asad Ali Khan, Suvir Misra, Jyoti Hegde, Bindu Madhav Pathak, Sharif Khan Poonchwaley, Hindraj Divekar, Asit Kumar Banerjee, Bahauddin Dagar,

Sarawati VeenaMusical Instruments and their Players

Suvir Misra, Doraiswamy Iyengar, Prasanth Iyengar, Punya Srinivas, Aswathi Thirunal Rama Varma, D Balakrishna, K. S. Narayanaswamy

Vichitra VeenaMusical Instruments and their Players

Gopal Shankar Misra, Shrikrishan Sharma, Sharif Khan Poonchwaley, Gopal Krishan, Ragini Trivedi

Misr Veena

Suvir Misra

ViolinMusical Instruments and their Players

Dwaram V Naidu, Balabhaskar, B Sasikumar, Akkrai Subbalakshmi, Rabin Ghosh, Lalgudi Vijayalakshmi, L Subramanyam, Johar Ali Khan, A Kanyakumari