List of Spanish Speaking Countries in World

The article gives details about Spanish speaking countries and Countries where Spanish is official language. The table also enlists the population of Spanish speaking countries. As a matter of fact, these countries are also called as Hispanic countries.

Spanish Speaking Countries

Spanish language is native to Spain from where it propagated to world during colonial times. There are total 21 countries where Spanish is the official language. Except mainland Spain, most of these countries belong to Latin America. Of all these 21 countries Mexico boasts of the largest Spanish speaking population. Due to vast majority of nations speaking Spanish language, Spanish is the third most spoken language in world. Spanish is also called as Castilian language. Although grammatically and structurally Castilian (Spanish of Spain) and Latin Spanish are same, there are certain differences between them.

In Spain, Peru and Ecuador, Spanish is the only official language. Five of Latin American countries – Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Nicaragua and Uruguay, Spanish is considered as de-facto official language. It means that although constitutionally there is no official language but by default practice as a matter of fact, Spanish is considered official due to its widespread use. The thirteen remaining countries have Spanish as de-jure official status which means official status is granted by legislation.

Spanish Speaking Countries outside Latin America

Outside Latin America except Spain, there are two primary Spanish speaking countries. These countries are Equatorial Guinea and Western Sahara. Both of these countries are located on west coast of Africa. Equatorial Guinea has Spanish as its official language. Western Sahara has disputed land borders with Morocco and Spanish is not official language but has got working language status. Apart from 20 Latin American countries and mainland Spain, Western Sahara is the only one Islamic African country  where  Spanish is widely spoken.

United States of America boasts of about 45 million Spanish speakers who use Spanish as their native or secondary language. This makes United States as third largest country in world with Hispanic population (After i) Mexico and ii) Colombia). Furthermore Spanish is the second most spoken language in USA after English. There are much more Spanish speakers in USA than French, Mandarin (all forms), Italian, German etc.

Officially Spanish speaking Countries Map

List of Spanish Speaking Countries

Spanish Speaking Countries

List of Countries where Spanish is Official Language

CountryPopulation
Argentina43,024,374
Bolivia10,631,486
Chile17,363,894
Colombia48,400,388
Costa Rica4,755,234
Cuba11,047,251
Dominican Republic10,349,741
Ecuador15,654,411
El Salvador6,125,512
Equatorial Guinea1,722,512
Guatemala14,647,083
Honduras8,598,561
Mexico120,286,655
Nicaragua5,848,641
Panama3,608,431
Paraguay6,703,860
Peru30,147,935
Puerto Rico3,620,897
Spain47,737,941
Urugay3,392,972
Venezuela28,868,486